Henan's Imports and Exports Up More than 46% over Past 8 Months
News from Zhengzhou Customs on September 13 -- In the first 8 months of 2021, Henan's import and export value expanded by 46.8 percent year-on-year to 477.01 billion yuan with a growth rate 23.1 percentage points higher than the national average of 23.7 percent.
Zhengzhou Customs officials inspect a batch of cargo. [Photo provided to dahe.cn]
Specifically, Henan's exports jumped by 43.2 percent year-on-year to 295.76 billion yuan with a growth rate 20 percentage points higher than the national average, while its imports rose by 53.2 percent year-on-year to 181.25 billion yuan with a growth rate 28.8 percentage points higher than the national average, resulting in a trade surplus of 114.51 billion yuan, a surge of 29.7 percent from a year earlier. In August alone, the import and export value of Henan saw a year-on-year increase of 9.6 percent to 52.07 billion yuan, of which the export value rose by 3.1 percent year-on-year to 28.8 billion yuan while the import value by 19 percent to 23.27 billion yuan.
Henan's January-August foreign trade volume maintained the 1st place in Central China, contributing 23 percent to Central China's total foreign trade volume
With a growth rate ranking 6th in China, Henan's foreign trade volume during the January-August period maintained the 1st place in Central China, 2nd place in Central and West China and 12th place in China.
From January to August, with a contribution of 23 percent made by Henan, Central China's import and export value expanded by 32.5 percent year-on-year to 2.07 trillion yuan with a growth rate 9, 9.9, 7.2 and 13.9 percentage points higher than the national average, East China, West China and Northeast China respectively. Central China became a region with the fastest foreign trade development.
Private enterprises contributed the most to Henan's total foreign trade volume with a proportion exceeding that of the foreign-invested ones for the first time
During the first 8 months, the import and export value of private enterprises in Henan rose by 96.5 percent to 220.56 billion yuan, accounting for 46.2 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume (11.7 percentage points higher over the same period last year) with a growth rate 49.6 percentage points higher that the provincial average. It was the first time that the foreign trade proportion of private enterprises exceeded that of foreign-invested enterprises. In terms of their contribution to the province's foreign trade growth, private enterprises made the most of 71.2 percent, 50 percentage points higher than that by foreign-invested enterprises.
By contrast, the import and export value of foreign-invested enterprises and state-owned ones has respectively increased by 16.9 percent and 32.8 percent to 211.9 billion yuan (accounting for 44.4 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume, 11.4 percentage points lower over the same period last year) and 39.86 billion yuan.
Henan's trade with its major partners, such as the United States, the ASEAN, the EU (excluding the UK), China's Taiwan region, South Korea, was on the growth
During the first 8 months, Henan's trade volume with the United States, the ASEAN, the EU (excluding the UK), China's Taiwan region, South Korea saw a year-on-year growth of 119 percent, 16.3 percent, 5.8 percent, 61.8 percent and 141.3 percent to 106.4 billion yuan, 52.15 billion yuan, 50.65 billion yuan, 43.18 billion yuan and 40.44 billion yuan. With a contribution of 71.1 percent to the province's foreign trade growth, the trade volume between Henan and such places accounted for 61.4 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume, which means that of the 46.8 percent of the foreign trade increase in Henan, 33.3 percent came from the above mentioned 5 market forces.
Henan's trade volume with the RCEP members reported a year-on-year growth of 38.9 percent to 129.78 billion yuan, while with the countries along the Belt and Road a year-on-year increase of 21.7 percent to 106.02 billion yuan.
The import and export value of comprehensive bonded zones accounted for 58.3 percent of Henan's total foreign trade volume with a contribution of 65.8 percent to the province's foreign trade growth
From January to August, the import and export value of comprehensive bonded zones in Henan rose by 56.3 percent to 277.95 billion yuan, accounting for 58.3 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume (3.5 percentage points higher over the same period last year) with a contribution of 65.8 percent to the province's foreign trade growth. Meanwhile, the import and export value of processing trade increased by 52.6 percent to 282.31 billion yuan (accounting for 59.2 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume), 90.6 percent of which was made by comprehensive bonded zones.
In addition, the volume of general trade rose by 35.4 percent to 174.41 billion yuan (accounting for 31.4 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume), while that of bonded logistics trade grew by 102.7 percent to 16.53 billion yuan (accounting for 3.5 percent).
Henan's imports and exports of mechanical and electrical products accounted for 64.4 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume, while the exports of mobile phones accounted for half of the province's total export volume
In the first 8 months, the exports of mobile phones, Henan's largest export item, accounted for 52 percent of the province's total export volume. The growth rate of the exports of hair products and unwrought silver reached 104.9 percent and 444.9 percent respectively.
During the January-August period, Henan's exports of mechanical and electrical products amounted to 190.02 billion yuan with an increase of 41.9 percent year-on-year (accounting for 64.2 percent of the province's total export volume), of which 153.9 billion yuan was made by mobile phones with an increase of 47.7 percent year-on-year. Henan contributed 7.7 percent to China's total mobile phone exports, with a value accounting for 28.9 percent of China's total. The export value of labor-intensive products up by 8 percent year-on-year to 20.22 billion yuan, of which 5.73 billion yuan was made by furniture with an increase of 78.2 percent year-on-year. In addition, the export volume of hair products, aluminium products and unwrought silver stood at 11.66 billion yuan, 8.98 billion yuan, 8.93 billion yuan and 7.97 billion yuan respectively, with each increasing by 104.9 percent, 52.7 percent, 444.9 percent and minus 8.6 percent. Integrated circuits, spare parts of audio/video products and metal ores were three major imports.
Over the past 8 months, the import and export value of mechanical and electrical products accounted for 64.4 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume, while that of mobile phones, integrated circuits and spare parts of audio/video products 49.4 percent.
The imports and exports of Zhengzhou, Jiyuan, Sanmenxia, Xuchang, Luoyang and Jiaozuo exceeded 10 billion yuan respectively with 6 prefecture-level cities' growth rate surpassing the provincial average
During the January-August period, the import and export value of Zhengzhou saw a year-on-year increase of 46.8 percent to 330.2 billion yuan, accounting for 69.2 percent of the province's total foreign trade volume, while that of Jiyuan, Sanmenxia, Xuchang, Luoyang and Jiaozuo 142.2 percent to 26 billion yuan, 41 percent to 16.85 billion yuan, 119 percent to 16.42 billion yuan, 73.7 percent to 15.98 billion yuan and 15.2 percent to 10.5 billion yuan. Except Zhoukou and Xinxiang whose import and export value decreased 11.8 percent and 0.5 percent respectively, the growth rate of Jiyuan, Xuchang, Hebi, Luoyang, Luohe and Zhengzhou was within the range from 142.2 percent to 46.8 percent, while that of the rest prefecture-level cities from 12.1 percent to 41 percent.
今年前8个月，郑州市进出口3302亿元，增长46.8%，占全省进出口值的69.2%。济源、三门峡、许昌、洛阳、焦作进出口分别为260亿元、168.5亿元、164.2亿元、159.8亿元、105亿元，分别增长142.2%、41%、119%、73.7%、15.2%。除周口、新乡进出口分别下降11.8%、0.5%之外，济源、许昌、鹤壁、洛阳、漯河、郑州进出口增速在142.2%~46.8%；其余10个地市进出口增速在12.1%~41%。（中文来源/大河网 翻译/赵汉青 海报/实习生王君艺 审校/张军平 张玉红）