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Located at the foot of Songshan Mountain, Songyang Academy is one of the top 4 ancient Chinese institutions of higher learning. Founded under the name Songyang Temple in 484 as a Buddhist shrine, it was renamed several times before being given its current name in 1035, the second year of Song Emperor Renzong's reign.
The Songyang Academy has the Han Dynasty General Cypress, the Monument to the Tang Dynasty for the Induction of Holy Virtue, and other cultural relics. In addition, there are more than 50 steles in the Songyang Academy, including the Cypress General Named by Han Emperor Wudi, Poetry Stele by Huang Tingjian of the Northern Song Dynasty, Four-word Inscriptions Stele of the Ming Dynasty, and the Stone carved Map of Dengfeng County. All of these possess high literary and artistic value.
嵩阳书院最为主要的文物有汉封将军柏、大唐嵩阳观纪圣德感应之颂碑等，此外嵩阳书院内还有《汉封将军柏碑》、北宋黄庭坚的《诗碑》、明代的《四箴碑》及《汉封将军柏图碑》、《石刻登封县图碑》等 50 余通,具有较高的文学、艺术价值。（赵汉青 杨佳欣）